6 Scientifically Backed Ways To Support Your Breast

6 Scientifically Backed Ways To Support Your Breast

4 Scientifically Backed Ways To Support Your Breast Health by Queen of the Thrones

6 Scientifically Backed Ways To Support Your Breast

Written by: Victoria Williams R.H.N. Victoria Williams Director of Operations at Queen of the Thrones Victoria Williams R.H.N.
Victoria is Head of Operations at Queen of the Thrones®. Victoria obtained a Pre-Health Science Certificate with Honours from Georgian College, which ignited her passion for natural wellness and nutrition.
Full bio

Medically reviewed by: Melanie Swackhammer B.A.

Est. reading time: 7 minutes.

What Circadian Rhythm, Castor Oil and Walnuts Have in Common for Breast Wellness

“I learned to put myself first.”

“It was up to me to decide what to do with my life.”

You’ll hear phrases like this from women who’ve made significant lifestyle changes following breast cancer. Can you relate?

Or maybe right now, you or the people you serve are wondering, “how can I keep my breasts healthy?”

You see, it’s fairly common for a health scare to shock people into re-examining their lives and what matters most to them. Breast cancer is no exception, and it’s understandable. 

Breast health can help you look at your life differently. In fact, on an energetic level, breast issues can correspond to an imbalance of nurturing energy, usually focused on the self. So if you’re reading this now, or if you have breast concerns or discomfort, you could look at this as a time for reflection on how you can take better care of you – and especially the wellness of your breasts.

The old adage an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure is highly relevant for breast troubles. Perhaps you’ve also heard the phrase, “a pill for an ill”. Can you relate?

Most breast cancers are linked to lifestyle factors by Queen of the Thrones

Before giving away the reason behind this statement, let’s first look at a surprising statistic.

About 30 to 40% of breast cancers are linked to lifestyle factors.1

Yes. That’s true. While many believe breast disorders/conditions are genetic, hereditary connections are only responsible for less than 10% of the cases.2

However, there are lifestyle changes you can make right now to support your breast health.

Of course, it might be difficult to talk about your breasts and any changes you’ve observed. The breast is loaded with cultural meaning and importance, so yeah – talking about your girls is a little different from discussing changes in say – your feet. . . though feet are important too.

You may even avoid examinations like mammograms or thermograms because you’re worried about discovering something abnormal.

But, visiting your healthcare professional is the best way to understanding your unique body and the best steps to take.

So, with this in mind, let’s look at a few things that can influence your breast health.

The link between inflammation and breast health

You may have noticed soreness or pain in the breasts, especially around your menstrual cycle. You aren’t alone. These symptoms affect two-thirds of women, especially during the childbearing age.3 Are you wondering why this happens? Well, the answer lies in the breast structure.

You see, breasts comprise four main tissue structures:

  • Fat tissue
  • Milk ducts
  • Glands
  • Connective tissue

The fat tissue is influenced by fluctuations in fluid volume. So, this can cause your breasts to swell, resulting in soreness or tenderness, especially right before your cycle when estrogen levels increase. 

“What causes increased fluid?” 

A common cause for increased fluid volume is inflammation. Inflammation is kind of like a fire, and what do you use to put out a fire? Water.

Inflammation is part of your body’s process of fighting against things that harm it (like infections) in an attempt to restore balance.

So, when something damages your cells, your body releases chemicals that trigger an inflammatory response from your immune system. It’s a natural process, but in today’s modern world, inflammation is often out of control.

Did you know that lymphatic blockage can also cause inflammation?4

Lymph vessels are hollow tubes in your lymphatic system that allow lymph fluid to drain out of your breasts. But, if your lymph vessels are blocked, your breasts can become red, swollen, and inflamed. Makes sense, agreed?

Swollen lymph nodes may also be present under the arm, near the collarbone, or both. Disturbed sleep can also contribute to breast inflammation.

So, let’s dive into more about this and the connection between your…

Circadian rhythm and breast health

Circadian Rhythm by Queen of the Thrones

Imagine having a hectic week, with only four hours of sleep every night for 7 days in a row. Sounds pretty terrible, right? You’d probably be irritable, frustrated, or even sad, agreed?

But, sleep isn’t only about the quantity, it’s also about quality. Even if you can sleep eight hours a day, but you wake up every two hours, you’ll wake up in the morning feeling exhausted. Is this you?

Learn with Queen of the Thrones how Circadian rhythm and breast health are related

This is because your body’s internal 24-hour clock runs in the background and regulates your sleep-wake cycle, hormones, and even cell division.

But, if your sleep-wake cycle is off, so is your circadian rhythm.

Circadian rhythms are physical, mental, and behavioral changes that follow a 24-hour cycle and they can affect hormones, body temperature, and digestion, not to mention how you feel when you’re sleep deprived or experiencing jet lag.

You see, different systems of your body follow circadian rhythms that are synchronized with a master clock in your brain.

This master clock is directly influenced by environmental cues, especially light, which is why circadian rhythms are tied to the cycle of day and night. Makes sense, right?

When properly aligned, a circadian rhythm can promote consistent and restorative sleep.

But, when your circadian rhythm is thrown off, it can create significant sleeping problems, including insomnia. Does this sound like you?

Research also reveals that circadian rhythms are integral to diverse breast health aspects5. Now, beyond sleep, have you ever wondered if there’s a connection between your gut health and breasts?

Gut microbia and breast health

Gut microbia are microflora in your digestive tract. While it may sound dangerous, these bacteria are helpful and regulate various body functions.

From protecting against disease-causing bacteria to regulating immune function, these bacteria support your health in various ways.6

In fact, your gut bacteria influences estrogen metabolism and adiposity, which are both associated with breast health.

Immune interactions with gut microbiota and microbial effects on host DNA also play a role in developing breast conditions. More specifically, a healthy gut microbiota has shown to play an important role in breast health because when estrogen is processed and released through your liver as bile, it ends up in your gut. If your gut bacteria are balanced and thriving, they may help control these estrogen molecules and keep them from creating carcinogenic problems in breast tissue.20 

So, keeping your gut microbiota healthy and thriving can also support better breast health.

Would you love to know more about how to balance your gut bacteria?

How can I keep my breasts well?

Now that you know the importance of breast health and the influencing factors, let’s look at four things you can do to support your breast wellness. Are you ready?

1. Eat healthy because food matters

Eating healthy is necessary for a healthy breast by Queen of the Thrones

You are what you eat. Have you heard this before? Some ways you can support your breasts nutritionally are:

  • Limiting your sugar intake
  • Eating whole foods including healthy fats, hearty proteins, and heaps of vegetables
  • Avoiding processed foods
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Eating foods rich in flavonoids, such as broccoli, onions, celery, parsley, and green tea
  • Increasing your intake of nuts – especially walnuts

2. Get good quality sleep

Getting adequate sleep is one of the crucial steps to naturally support your breast health. Start by…

  • Having a consistent daily sleep routine: It’s ideal to sleep and wake up at the same time every day. This will help your body restore any imbalance and also help restore your circadian rhythm.
  • Being active: Regular exercise supports melatonin production, your sleep hormone. It can also sync your other body systems with your circadian rhythm.7
  • Avoiding caffeine in the evening: Caffeine is a stimulant that can keep you awake.
  • Limiting screen time: The blue light from your tablet/cellphone alters your melatonin production, disrupting your circadian rhythm.8
  • Wearing a Castor Oil Eye Compress to bed: Using this compress makes you feel relaxed as your Eye Compress gently blocks out distracting lights. Some studies show that wearing an eye mask to bed may help support melatonin production.9,10
Queen of the Thrones eye compress supports better sleep
It’s truly relaxing, and when you wear an Eye Compress with Castor Oil, you may be supporting natural inflammation balance11, as well as skin-loving nutrients like vitamin E, polyphenols and omegas13.

3. Use a Castor Oil Fascia Massage Roller to enhance your lymphatic flow

Queen of the Thrones Castor Oil Fascia Massage Roller Kit enhance your lymphatic flow




Did you know that a well-functioning lymphatic system is crucial for your breast health? It’s true! Keeping the lymph flowing through the lymph nodes in your breasts can support breast health by keeping inflammation low and, as a result, keeping your lymph nodes from getting clogged. 

The good news: there are multiple ways to support your lymphatic system, including a Castor Oil Fascia Body Roller.

You see, a Fascia Body Roller helps you do a gentle massage around your breasts so you can naturally support blood supply to your muscles, support the movement of lymphatic fluid, and assist in removing toxins from your body.

The network of lymph is directly connected to the fascia, which sits right underneath the skin.

So, fascia body rolling may help relieve muscle tension, activates your lymphatic system, and reduces pain and soreness. Plus, adding Castor Oil can further boost the benefits of the roller.

4. A simple massage can make a difference

Did you know that healthy breasts largely come from having a healthy liver?

According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, negative liver emotions such as frustration, anger, and resentment can result in the accumulation of toxins in the body, adversely affecting your breasts.14

So how can you easily support your liver?

Massaging the liver aids in the removal of stagnated toxins15, protecting and supporting breast health.

Plus, wearing a Castor Oil Pack for Liver may also support breasts… But how? Read on!

Firstly, it’s mechanical, with the compression of the pack placed over the liver (under your right rib cage), in combination with the movement of your breathing muscles.

This may act like a pump to your lymphatic system, encouraging lymphatic drainage. Amazing, agreed?

Secondly, it’s neurological, because when the pack is placed on specific dermatomes, this activates the somatic visceral reflexes triggering the activity of internal detox and cleansing organs like the liver, kidney, gut, gallbladder, and more.16

Thirdly, the combination of both mechanical and neurological factors work because the pack stimulates the body’s skin receptors and natural oxytocin feedback loop. This helps activate the vagus nerve and help shifts your body into a rest and digest state17 where liver detox is optimized.

This direct effect of the Castor Oil Pack compress stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system. Plus, the penetration of the Castor Oil into your tissues may support inflammation balance.

Queen of the Thrones Castor Oil Liver Packs improves parasympathetic tone

Plus, the penetration of the Castor Oil into the tissues may help reduce inflammation via the Peyer’s patches.18

So, without the pack, Castor Oil will not penetrate as deeply and will instead act much more like a skin emollient. So, as you can see, you need the pack to experience the full range of benefits.

But, even though the Castor Oil Pack is traditionally worn over the liver for breast health, you can also wear Castor Oil Packs over your breasts.

However, don’t use the same pack for your liver as you do your breasts.

It’s unknown whether toxic substances are released via the skin with Castor Oil Packs, especially over the liver since it’s the hub for toxic cleanup in the body. So, to prevent the transfer of toxins to more sensitive areas, only use designated packs on the respective area.

Queen of the Thrones® Castor Oil Packs for Breasts come in 2 comfortable sizes – Small or Large.

Would you love to know how you can use Castor Oil to support your breast health? Click the button below to get 2 easy DIY Castor Oil recipes so you can support your breasts and lymphatic flow. Amazing, agreed?

5. Eat walnuts for breast wellness

Have you ever heard of the Doctrine of Signatures? You probably have without even realizing it. It’s a theory as old as ancient Greece and proposes that herbs and other substances can support the body part that they resemble.

While there is some truth to this supposition, it’s important to understand that there are also some dangers. But when it comes to the health of your breasts, recent research has shown that walnuts can actually be beneficial for women with breast cancer. 18, 19

Walnuts are recommend to improve breast health by Queen of the Thrones
In fact, some research has shown that if people with breast cancer eat as little as two ounces of walnuts per day for just two weeks, the gene expression can be altered. They also found that eating walnuts can actually slow breast cancer growth and lessen the risk of breast cancer occurrence in mice19. Amazing, right?

So, in this case at least, the Doctrine of Signatures really has some validity. Have you ever looked at the meat of a walnut? It bears a pretty close resemblance to blood vessels and glands in breast tissue.

6. Go blissfully bra-less

This is probably the best news you’ve heard all day, right? Well, here’s the thing, while going braless and its effect on breast health hasn’t been studied very much, there are some hints that may be something worth doing. Simply put, not wearing a bra most likely won’t cause any problems.

Medical anthropologists Sydney Ross Singer and Soma Grismaijer did a study and described their findings in their book titled, Dressed to Kill. They came up with some interesting evidence suggesting that there might be a correlation between wearing tight bras and breast cancer rates. 

And it makes sense if you think about it. In fact, the Arizona Center for Advanced Medicine suggests that wearing tight bras for long periods of time can actually restrict the movement of lymphatic fluid in your breasts which could compromise breast health21.

So, while you probably don’t want to go bouncing into work braless, you might want to release the girls for a few hours every day. Better still, go for a walk braless or do other kinds of light exercise to help move the lymph through your breast tissue.

A recipe to help support better circulation and lymphatic flow

Now that we’ve described a few ways to help you support better breast wellness, why not get started today with this easy and enjoyable recipe to help you reconnect to your body through self-massage.

Self-Love Breast Massage Recipe

Breast massage recipe by Queen of the Thrones


  1. Queen of the Thrones® Castor Oil
  2. Baking Soda
  3. Organic Rosemary Essential Oil


  1. In a small bowl, add about 3 tbsp of Castor Oil. 
  2. Then mix in a small amount of Baking Soda to form a paste. 
  3. Add 2-3 drops of Organic Rosemary Essential Oil. 
  4. Once you’ve made the paste, massage the mixture onto your breasts and armpits. 
  5. Allow it to absorb for an hour or more, then rinse.

Would you love more recipes for breast wellness? Download this free eGuide!

So, gorgeous, your breast health is in your hands. Try and add these six wellness habits as part of your life.

They will not only support your breasts’ health but also help support more energy, less stress, and a more balanced mood!

Are you a practitioner, health coach or wellness influencer? If you’re interested in recommending our easy-to-use tools and practically applying them in your health and wellness professional practice, in clinic, or online with the people you serve, you can join now!

Top 5 Self-Care Gifts for Natural Wellness Lovers

Top 5 Self-Care Gifts for Natural Wellness Lovers

Top 5 Self Care Gifts for Natural Wellness Lovers by Queen of the Thrones

Top 5 Self-Care Gifts for Natural Wellness Lovers

Written by: Victoria Williams R.H.N. Victoria Williams Director of Operations at Queen of the Thrones Victoria Williams R.H.N.
Victoria is Head of Operations at Queen of the Thrones®. Victoria obtained a Pre-Health Science Certificate with Honours from Georgian College, which ignited her passion for natural wellness and nutrition.
Full bio

Medically reviewed by: Melanie Swackhammer B.A

Est. reading time: 7 minutes.


Self-care gifts are an excellent way to convey your love and care for anyone. It shows that you’re thinking of them, and they should also take a moment to think and care for themselves.

These natural wellness tools also make great gifts for the overworked practitioner, stay-at-home mom, determined athlete, or the self-care aficionado in your life. Self-care is for everyone, right?

Would you love tried and true gift ideas for natural health and wellness? You’ve come to the right place because here are the five best natural wellness gifts for the holiday season.

Queen of the Thrones Castor Oil and Castor Oil Pack

The best part? You won’t have to scramble at the last minute to find something your friends and family will use and adore.

Let’s start here: can you think of anyone in your life who’s complained about feeling bloated, tired, ‘bunged up’ or perhaps feeling stuck in their own body?

All signs point towards a lack of lymphatic drainage and flow. Now, you might be wondering… “Is there a simple natural wellness tool to help enhance lymph drainage and flow?” Yes!

5. The Castor Oil Dry Brush Kit supports lymph drainage

Queen of the Thrones Castor Oil Dry Brush Kit supports lymph drainage

You see, dry brushing has been commonly used in Ayurveda for centuries as it has multiple health benefits. It’s a relatively simple technique to improve blood flow, metabolism, and energy, while reducing cellulite.

Dry brushing supports lymphatic drainage1 and detox. It also offers physical exfoliation by sweeping away dry, flaky skin.

Plus, dry brushing stimulates receptors in the skin that connect to your nervous system which may be beneficial for your mental health.

If you dry brush when you wake up in the morning it’s almost like an alarm clock for your body, because dry brushing helps to gently stimulate cortisol, your alert hormone, at the time of the day when cortisol is naturally supposed to rise.

To enhance the benefits of dry brushing, it can be combined with Castor Oil, aka the Palm of Christ, as it’s packed with skin-loving nutrients like vitamin E, omegas, and polyphenols2 that hydrate and nourish your skin and further support lymphatic flow.

Simply apply a thin layer of Castor Oil to your skin before dry brushing for enhanced benefits. So easy, agreed?

Get them together with the Queen of the Thrones ® Castor Oil Lymphatic Dry Brush Kit! Your kit comes with an easy to hold circular brush with bamboo bristles as well as a 3.38 oz (100ml) amber glass bottle of 100% pure, certified organic, cold-pressed, hexane-free Castor Oil.

Now that we’ve talked about waking up, what about falling asleep?

Sleep problems are far too common, agreed? The next natural wellness tool will have you and your loved ones covered!

4. Sleep helper: Castor Oil Eye Compress Kit

You might be wondering, how can a Castor Oil Eye Compress improve sleep?

Well, the Queen of the Thrones® Castor Oil Eye Compress Kit was created so you can help gently reset your sleep-wake cycle and support your circadian rhythm.

How does it do this? Wearing the Eye Compress when you go to bed at night naturally promotes your sleep hormone, melatonin3-4 so you can fall asleep easier. Then, because of the light color of the compress, it allows sunlight in to wake you up in the morning.

Plus, like we talked about above, once you’re awake, you can greet the day with your Castor Oil Dry Brush to stimulate cortisol and further support gently resetting your sleep-wake cycle.

Queen of the Thrones Castor Oil Packs support a healthy life quality

The best part? The combination of Castor Oil and your Eye Compress allows it to function as a weighted, warm compress to help promote oxytocin. Castor Oil is a great source of moisture and hydration, soothing and rejuvenating tired-itchy eyes7 due to its natural antihistamine properties8.

Castor Oil Eye Compresses are also commonly used to relieve styes in the eyes, supporting relief from inflammation9. It may also result in the reduction of dark circles and wrinkles around your eyes.

Are you wondering… “Is Castor Oil good for eyelashes?”

And the answer is “Yes”. The fatty acids that make up Castor Oil are believed to be extremely nourishing to the skin and hair follicles, and it helps naturally promote nitric oxide15, which increases circulation. Regular application of Castor Oil may help with thicker, longer eyelashes and eyebrows.

So, while your loved one is falling asleep, they’re also giving their eyelashes and eyebrows nourishment and care.

To further promote relaxation, your loved one can include an aromatherapy experience by simply spraying essential oils in the room.

And using organic home fragrance oils is an excellent aromatherapy option.

3. Great for aromatherapy: Eau de Throne®

Queen of the Thrones Eau the Thrones is made of  a blend of organic essential oils
Eau de Throne® is a pure blend of organic home essential oils of lavender, rosemary, clove, and citrus (limonene) that neutralizes odors and purifies the air in your home and bathroom while promoting relaxation and healthy digestion.Who wouldn’t want to leave the throne (the toilet) with an odor they are proud to own?Organic home fragrance oils not only smell amazing but also have additional health benefits. Some of these essential oils can neutralize bacteria, calm the nervous system, and support digestion.

Eau de Throne® includes…

  • Lavender: Acts as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, calmative, and antioxidant action10.
  • Rosemary: Supports hormone balance, circulation, and digestion. It also acts as an anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, anti-cramping, and antioxidant11.
  • Clove: Improves digestion, reduces gas and bloating, and fights infection12.
  • Limonene(terpene from the lemon peel): Supports healthy digestion and works as an antioxidizing and anti-inflammatory agent13.

You can spray it in your bathroom after going number 2, your living room before having guests over, in your gym bag, or use it as part of an at-home spa day.

So, Eau de Throne® is an excellent choice for aromatherapy and essential oil lovers.

Additional tip: Aromatherapy is a natural stress reliever and a great choice for someone who’s stressed. After all, we want our loved ones to be happy and stress-free, right?

Stress not only affects your mental health but can also cause physical symptoms, including hair loss or thinning14.

Fortunately, Castor Oil can also support healthy hair.

2. Castor Oil Hair Growth Kit: Practical tool for hair and scalp care

The Queen of the Thrones® Castor Oil Hair Growth Kit nourishes, hydrates, and repairs hair deeply from your roots to tips, making it a great natural wellness giftOne of the major benefits of Castor Oil for hair growth17 is that it helps naturally balance the microbiome18-19-20 of the scalp, and may help reduce inflammation of hair follicles dandruff relief.
Castor Oil Hair Growth by Queen of the Thrones is the most recommended health solution for your hair and scalp

And that’s not it…wouldn’t it be great to enjoy an easy, relaxing ‘hot oil’ hair treatment with less mess and no heating required? The Hair Wrap does this for you by holding in your natural body heat!

The Hair Kit is great for those dealing with hormonal hair loss, including PCOS and thyroid disorders.

We’ve talked about Castor Oil for hair care, what about skincare, and what’s going on beneath?

You know, tense neck muscles, cellulite, and tender knots. Is there a simple way to support this? Yes! Your tried and true…

1. Castor Oil Fascia Massage Roller: Body & skincare tool for pain-relief

Queen of the Thrones Castor Oil Fascia Massage Roller Kit support smoothing out cellulite and lymph massage
Fascia Massage Rollers appear to be everywhere, from gyms to the shelves of your local big box store. The most common use of the Castor Oil and Fascia Massage Roller is to support smoothing out cellulite, lymph massage, and scar tissue breakdown.Like Gua sha, a Queen of the Thrones® Castor Oil Fascia Massage Roller Kit can also be used for sore muscles and migraines. Bonus tip: you can enhance your experience by putting your Roller in the fridge or freezer.

Plus, by applying Castor Oil before using your Roller, due to its anti-inflammatory properties21-22, the Oil combined with the Roller…

  • naturally engages enhanced circulation
  • supports lymphatic drainage
  • releases tension and stress

In turn, hormone balance, fertility, and gut health are supported when the flow has been restored to your body. Amazing, agreed?

Now for the pièce de résistance…

The all-in-one tool: Castor Oil Pack for Liver

We saved the best one for last!This BONUS natural wellness gift option is the most exciting gift as it is the one practice we can’t live without.You see, the Castor Oil Pack for Liver has been used in self-care for centuries to support liver detox, lymphatic drainage23, colon cleansing24, hormonal balance, and gut health.
Castor Oil Pack for Liver by Queen of the Thrones is the ideal health tool for liver detox

It calms the body down like a weighted blanket. Hundreds of testimonials speak to how it’s a game-changer to feel better, sleep better, feel less stress25-26-27-28 and poop better29.

Plus, it’s a key foundational practice for all stages of life (except during pregnancy), as the liver is the hub of cleansing and detox in your body30, which we all need to truly thrive.

Are you curious to know how and why the Queen of the Thrones® Castor Oil Pack works? We have the answers for you in this blog post.

That’s it, that’s all on the top 5 tried and true gift ideas for natural health and wellness using the ancient practice of Castor Oil.

Are you a practitioner, health coach or wellness influencer? If you’re interested in recommending our easy-to-use tools and practically applying them in your health and wellness professional practice, in clinic, or online with the people you serve, you can join now!

Click here for references

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2. Marwat SK, Rehman F, Khan EA, Baloch MS, Sadiq M, Ullah I, Javaria S, Shaheen S. Review – Ricinus cmmunis – Ethnomedicinal uses and pharmacological activities.Pak J Pharm Sci. 2017 Sep;30(5):1815-1827. PMID: 29084706

3. Rong-fang Hu, Xiao-ying Jiang, Yi-ming Zeng, Xiao-yang Chen, You-hua Zhang. Effects of earplugs and eye masks on nocturnal sleep, melatonin and cortisol in a simulated intensive care unit environment. Published online 2010 Apr 18. PMID: 20398302.

4. Khoddam H, Maddah SA, Rezvani Khorshidi S, Zaman Kamkar M, Modanloo M. The effects of earplugs and eye masks on sleep quality of patients admitted to coronary care units: A randomised clinical trial. J Sleep Res. 2022 Apr;31(2):e13473. doi: 10.1111/jsr.13473. Epub 2021 Sep 12. PMID: 34514653.

5, 26. Rolls ET et all. Representations of pleasant and painful touch in the human orbitofrontal and cingulate cortices. Cereb Cortex. 2003 Mar;13(3):308-17. PMID: 12571120.

6, 27. Francis S, Rolls ET, Bowtell R, McGlone F, O’Doherty J, Browning A, Clare S, Smith E. The representation of pleasant touch in the brain and its relationship with taste and olfactory areas. Neuroreport. 1999 Feb 25;10(3):453-9. PMID: 10208571.

7. Goto E, Shimazaki J, Monden Y, Takano Y, Yagi Y, Shimmura S, Tsubota K. Low-concentration homogenized castor oil eye drops for noninflamed obstructive meibomian gland dysfunction. Ophthalmology. 2002 Nov;109(11):2030-5. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(02)01262-9. PMID: 12414410.

8, 9, 22. Al-Mamun MA, Akter Z, Uddin MJ, Ferdaus KM, Hoque KM, Ferdousi Z, Reza MA. Characterization and evaluation of antibacterial and antiproliferative activities of crude protein extracts isolated from the seed of Ricinus communis in Bangladesh. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2016 Jul 12;16:211. doi: 10.1186/s12906-016-1185-y. PMID: 27405609; PMCID: PMC4942971.

10. Shi JL, Tang SY, Liu CB, Ye L, Yang PS, Zhang FM, He P, Liu ZH, Miao MM, Guo YD, Shen QP. Three new benzolactones from Lavandula angustifolia and their bioactivities. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2017 Aug;19(8):766-773. doi: 10.1080/10286020.2016.1264394. Epub 2016 Dec 14. PMID: 27967214.

11. Aruoma OI, Spencer JP, Rossi R, Aeschbach R, Khan A, Mahmood N, Munoz A, Murcia A, Butler J, Halliwell B. An evaluation of the antioxidant and antiviral action of extracts of rosemary and Provençal herbs. Food Chem Toxicol. 1996 May;34(5):449-56. doi: 10.1016/0278-6915(96)00004-x. PMID: 8655093.

12. Chaieb K, Hajlaoui H, Zmantar T, Kahla-Nakbi AB, Rouabhia M, Mahdouani K, Bakhrouf A. The chemical composition and biological activity of clove essential oil, Eugenia caryophyllata (Syzigium aromaticum L. Myrtaceae): a short review. Phytother Res. 2007 Jun;21(6):501-6. doi: 10.1002/ptr.2124. PMID: 17380552.

13. Astani A, Schnitzler P. Antiviral activity of monoterpenes beta-pinene and limonene against herpes simplex virus in vitro. Iran J Microbiol. 2014 Jun;6(3):149-55. PMID: 25870747; PMCID: PMC4393490.

14. Thom E. Stress and the Hair Growth Cycle: Cortisol-Induced Hair Growth Disruption. J Drugs Dermatol. 2016 Aug 1;15(8):1001-4. PMID: 27538002.

15. Mascolo N1, Izzo AA, Autore G, Barbato F, Capasso F.Nitric oxide and castor oil-induced diarrhea.J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1994 Jan;268(1):291-5. PMID: 8301570

17. Coonen. L.P “Herodotus on Biology”. The Scientific Monthly. Vol. 76. No. 2, 1953. Pp.63-70. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/20629

18. Andrade IM1, Andrade KM2, Pisani MX1, Silva-Lovato CH1, de Souza RF1, Paranhos Hde F1.Trial of an experimental castor oil solution for cleaning dentures. Braz Dent J. 2014 Jan-Feb;25(1):43-7.

19. Badaró MM, Salles MM, Leite VMF, Arruda CNF, Oliveira VC, Nascimento CD, Souza RF, Paranhos HFO, Silva-Lovato CH. Clinical trial for evaluation of Ricinus communis and sodium hypochlorite as denture cleanser.J Appl Oral Sci. 2017 May-Jun; 25(3):324-334.

20. Salles MM, Badaró MM, Arruda CN, Leite VM, Silva CH, Watanabe E, Oliveira Vde C, Paranhos Hde F. Antimicrobial activity of complete denture cleanser solutions based on sodium hypochlorite and Ricinus communis – a randomized clinical study.J Appl Oral Sci. 2015 Nov-Dec; 23(6):637-42.

21. Vieira C et al. .Effect of ricinoleic acid in acute and subchronic experimental models of inflammation. Mediators Inflamm. 2000;9(5):223-8 PMID: 11200362

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